We all know steel is widely used metals all over. It is made up of low carbon alloy that is nothing but iron, tin, and carbon. Steel industries are the spine of any process of industrialization. Steel and iron form the basis of any primary industry.
Steel = Iron + Tin + Carbon
Only 2% of carbon is added to iron to make steel more brittle. More the ratio of carbon particles more brittle the steel is. Steel is prepared by eradicating oxygen from iron ore and carbon is used to bond with oxygen. Iron is heated at 910 degree Celsius, then water or oil is used for slaking and finally, oxygen is removed. During the process of eradicating oxygen-carbon fuses with iron to form the final product, which is “Steel”.
Steel and Steel Fabrication Utilization
The Steel industry is one of most important measure of economic development and progress of any nation. Steel fabrication supplies us with an amazing array of domestic and industrial goods. The process of steel fabrication is to get the raw steel material and convert it into finished items from kitchen utensils and shower trays, to nuts and bolts that connect each and every thriving industry together. Each and every industry use steel in its own way. For instance, Blacksmiths hammered raw steel into shapes as diverse as horseshoes, weapons, armor, tools, and jewelry. While other made chains, locks and keys, gates, siege engines and so on. These finished products/goods required the variety of fabrication skills. All these things led to the need for steel fabrication and thus steel fabricators came into existence.
Nowadays fabricators provide all services related to fabrication of metal such as laser cutting, metal bending, metal rolling, aluminum bending, cutting and so on. So there is a very high demand for steel fabrication in today’s market.
Facts about Steel Fabrication
- Henry Bessemer invented the scientific smelting method of steel in 1856, for basic building material.
- The main feature of any steel fabricator is to refurbish the design from a sketch into a usable finished product by blending, cutting, rolling to reshape and amassing steel.
- In developing countries, steel fabrication is the most elaborated industry for primary sector, giving products used in health & welfare services.
- The steel industry’s turnover is around 900$ billion. It’s the second largest industry in the world, next to petroleum and gas.
- Steel bridges are 4 to 8 times lighter compared to concrete bridges.
- More than 50% of all products in the world today are made with the help of steel fabrication, right from the bridge to boats, apartment, office blocks, aircraft and other vehicles, designer stairs etc.
- There are more than 3,500 different grades of steel. Though the exact count is uncertain, associations such as the World Steel Association state that “there are more than 3,500 different grades of steel” and that “approximately 75% of modern steels have been developed in the past 20 years.” As materials evolve, it’s likely that there will be many more steel alloys emerging into the market in the not so distant future.
- Average computer is made up of about 25% of steel.
- Steel industry directly employs more than 2.5 million people over the world.
There is no doubt in saying that “Steel is the bread and butter of a Fabricator’s Company”. It will continue to be used to manufacture modern goods, today and in near future.